How To Build Gaming Pc At Home:
Assembling your own PC may seem intimidating, but if you are a gamer, then this thought probably came to your mind. In the end, a custom-built gaming system is the only reliable way to get exactly what you need and the way you want it to. When you control the “stuffing” of your PC, even if it is just a power supply, you can be sure that you can play your favorite games with the desired frame rate without sacrificing performance. Building your own PC is easier than you think, not to mention how much fun you get from the process and, most importantly, what a result! This is also the next logical step if you are already a gamer since a self-assembled PC is easy to upgrade as new technologies appear, your gaming preferences and needs change or funds become available.
There is nothing complicated in assembling a gaming PC, but the process is not always intuitive. That is why we have prepared this detailed step-by-step guide for building a gaming PC for beginners, supplemented by the tips and recommendations of our experienced assemblers.
Find out if your pre-built PC or individual PC is right for you ›
1. PC assembly tools
You will need a large surface for work, such as a table. To avoid electrostatic discharge (which can damage sensitive components), do not stand on the carpet.
You will need a Phillips # 2 Phillips screwdriver. It is quite versatile.
Additionally, a Phillips # 0 Phillips screwdriver is required if you intend to install an M.2 SSD.
Expert advice. Magnetic screwdrivers prevent the screws from falling inside the case (the tip magnetization is weak, therefore, it should not have any effect on the components).
Additional preparatory tools
2. Gaming PC Case:
Before proceeding with the selection of components, it is necessary to determine the case (or at least know its dimensions).
When choosing a case, be sure to consider where you are going to put the computer. This will help determine the size, as well as decide whether you need to purchase a premium case. Is it worth, for example, to overpay for the side panel of tempered glass, if the computer is hidden under the table?
Cases usually come in three sizes: full-tower, mid-tower and mini-tower. These are very general categories (different manufacturers use different standards), but they are based on the size of the motherboard. So, the full-tower form factor enclosures are designed to install both Extended-ATX motherboards and standard full-size ATX motherboards. The mid-tower form factor enclosures are designed to fit standard full-size ATX motherboards. A mini-tower form factor enclosures are designed to install a number of smaller motherboards, such as mini-ITX
Types of buildings:
The most common today are mid-tower format enclosures. Dimensions of cases from different manufacturers may vary slightly, but the dimensions are usually as follows: about 46-51 cm in height, 43-51 cm in length and 15-20.5 cm in width. The mid-tower form factor enclosures are usually enough for a gaming system: they accommodate two graphics adapters, several hard drives and a small cooling system.
Learn more about body types
3. Gaming PC components:
It’s time to put all the components together. The build strategy at this stage is up to you. You can either independently examine each individual component and create your own configuration from scratch, or find a ready-made configuration on the Internet and adapt it to your budget and needs.
We strongly recommend that you calculate your budget before proceeding with the selection of components (otherwise it is easy to exceed the allowable limit). Remember that you can always upgrade individual components in the future.
Expert advice. Make a list of components before you buy – all components must be compatible with each other.
Expert advice. If you are building a PC for a specific game, find out the recommended system requirements for this game and build on them.
The following are the basic hardware components needed to build your own gaming system:
Central processing unit (CPU)
Motherboard, it’s a motherboard
Random access memory (RAM)
The graphics processor (GP), aka the graphics adapter
Storage device – solid state drive and / or hard drive
Power supply unit (PSU)
System Cooling – CPU Cooling and Case Air Passage
Gaming peripherals (keyboard, mouse, headphones or headset)
Now we will look at each component individually and find out what to look for when buying.
Learn more about these components.
STEP 1. INSTALL THE PROCESSOR
Parts/tools: motherboard, processor
Remove the motherboard from the antistatic packaging and lay it on a work surface. Locate the processor socket that will be covered with a protective plastic cap. In one corner of the plastic cover or, more often, on the connector itself, you will see a small arrow. Pay attention to where this arrow is located.
Near the processor, the socket is a small metal lever. Press the lever and gently pull it to the side (away from the slot) to open the slot tray.
Open the processor and remove it from the package. Be very careful when handling the processor – both the processor and its connector are easily damaged by excessive physical impact. Hold the processor by the edges and never touch the contacts on the bottom of the chip so that they do not get dust or grease from your fingers.
CPU Installation Image:
In one of the corners of the processor, you will see an arrow. Align the arrow on the processor with the arrow on the socket, and carefully install the processor into the socket. After the processor is neatly installed, you can lower the locking lever and reinstall it. Some effort may be required to lower the lever, but the CPU installation does not require effort!
Check out expert tips:
STEP 2. INSTALL M.2 SOLID STORAGE (OPTIONAL)
Parts/tools: motherboard, M.2 SSD, Phillips # 0 Phillips screwdriver, motherboard user manual
If you want to install an M.2 SSD, now is the time to do so. First of all, find the M.2 slot on the motherboard. This is a small horizontal slot with a miniature cog opposite. If you cannot find the slot, if you have multiple M.2 slots, or if you plan to install multiple SSDs in the M.2 form factor, refer to the user manual for your system board.
Loosen the miniature screw with a Phillips # 0 Phillips screwdriver. Do not lose it.
Carefully insert the M.2 SSD into the slot. After it is fully installed in place, it will be located on the system board at an angle of about 35 degrees. Press the drive and tighten the miniature screw.
Install M.2 SSD
Get expert advice and troubleshooting tips.
STEP 3: INSTALL CPU COOLING SYSTEM
Parts/tools: motherboard with installed processor, processor cooling system, thermal grease, processor cooling system manual
There are various types of processor cooling systems. For accurate installation instructions, we recommend that you refer to the manual that came with your processor cooling system.
Some systems require a mounting bracket. It can be pre-installed on the motherboard. If the bracket is not required for the cooling system, it must be removed or replaced with another one suitable for your case. Do this before installing the system board in the chassis.
Heat Sink Installation:
Some cooling systems come with thermal grease pre-applied to a conductive material (which is adjacent to the CPU). If there is no thermal paste, you must apply it yourself before installing the cooling system. To apply thermal grease, squeeze a small droplet (no more than a grain of rice) in the center of the CPU. Then place the cooling system on the processor – due to the pressure, the paste will be evenly distributed on the surface.
Get expert advice and troubleshooting tips.
STEP 4. INSTALLING MEMORY (RAM)
Parts / Tools: System Board, RAM, System Board User Guide.
Determine how many RAM slots are on the system board (in most cases, two or four). If you want to fill all available RAM slots, just install the RAM into place. If you are not going to fill all the RAM slots, refer to the user manual to find out the correct configuration and fill the RAM slots accordingly.
Get expert advice and troubleshooting tips.
Install DDR4 Memory
STEP 5. TESTING BEFORE INSTALLING IN THE HOUSING (OPTIONAL)
Parts/tools: motherboard with installed processor and processor cooling system, RAM, graphics processor, power supply, screwdriver, system board user manual, PC monitor (connected to the graphics processor)
After installing the processor and processor cooling system, you may need to perform a quick test run of the components to ensure that they all work properly. This check (as well as troubleshooting) is much more difficult to perform when everything is already installed in the chassis. So, install the GPU and connect all the components to the power supply (if you do not know how to install the GPU, see the corresponding section below). Make sure the power supply is connected to the system board (8-pin and 24-pin connectors) and the GPU, then plug it in and turn it on.